How to Treat Gingivitis and Periodontitis

A big part of our oral health is not just our teeth but also making sure we have healthy gums.

If we’re not careful with our oral hygiene routine, harmful bacteria can cling to our gumline. Because of this many people have developed some type of gum disease. 

This article will explain what these diseases are and how you can treat and prevent gum disease. 

What is Gingivitis?

The first and milder stage of gum disease is referred to as gingivitis. ‘Gingiva’ is the gum tissue near the teeth, and when it’s irritated and swollen, it’s known as gingivitis. 

You put yourself at a higher risk of developing gingivitis if you have poor oral hygiene. What are some of the symptoms of gum disease?

6 Ways to Check if you could have gum disease

  • Gum inflammation (swollen gums)
  • Receding gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Loose teeth
  • Bad breath

Gingivitis Treatment

The good thing is gingivitis can be reversed! The main reason people develop gingivitis is plaque buildup. So, your first defense is brushing twice a day and flossing daily. 

Using toothpaste made for gingivitis can help remove plaque more effectively. Attending regular dental appointments with your dentist and dental hygienist is key to removing the dental plaque in hard-to-reach areas. 

What is Periodontal Disease? 

It is a severe form of gingivitis and gum disease. The plaque has built up under the gum line and can’t be reached with a toothbrush. When this occurs your gum and bone starts to recede. 

The bones surrounding the teeth progressively get weaker resulting in further gum recession, loose teeth, and finally tooth loss. You may also develop a bacterial infection in some of the pockets sounding your teeth since more food can get packed inside your gums.  

Chronic periodontitis happens when it’s not treated at an earlier stage. This advanced periodontal disease will need long-term maintenance to clean and support your teeth and gums.

Periodontal Disease Treatment

Practice good oral hygiene, brushing and flossing can aid plaque control. Treating gum disease can involve non-surgical and surgical treatment. 

Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical treatment dental professionals suggest for many with periodontal bacteria. It involves a deep clean where your dentist scales (removes) the plaque, and then smoothes the tooth root surfaces. 

It’s a process that can take 1-2 visits with your dentist. Your dentist will follow up with you to see if the size of the pockets around your teeth have increased or decreased. 

What about surgical treatments?

If you have aggressive periodontitis your dentist may recommend different surgical procedures such as: 

  • Bone grafting
  • Flap surgery
  • Soft tissue grafts
  • Guided tissue regeneration
  • Pocket reduction surgery

Your Visit With Us

Here at Vallejo Oral Surgery in Vallejo, CA,  we take your periodontal health seriously. We offer numerous treatments to improve your gum health. 

Our team suggests bone grafting to many patients with advanced gum disease. It’s a simple procedure where we introduce bone under your gums. This is done under local anesthesia so you will be very comfortable. 

After it heals, this gives your bone more strength and density to add any implants if necessary.  Book an appointment here today to learn more.

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